Ranchu goldfish

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Ranchu Goldfish NH Icon.png Ranchu goldfish  
Artwork of ranchu goldfish
Real-world info
Name: Carassius auratus

Family: Cyprinidae (carps and minnows)
Main appearances

Other appearances
Names in other languages

The ranchu goldfish is a rare fish in the Animal Crossing series introduced in Animal Crossing: New Horizons. It can be found in ponds as a small shadow throughout the year, though only between the hours of 9 AM to 4 PM.

It also appears in Animal Crossing: Pocket Camp as an event fish that was available during Fishing Tourney: Elegant Aquarium in August 2020 and Fishing Tourney: Foliage in September 2021.

Catch details[edit]

In New Horizons[edit]


Ranchu goldfish
"I caught a ranchu goldfish! But I prefer balsamicu goldfish!"

Time of year North: All year
South: All year
Time of day 9 AM – 4 PM
Location Pond
Shadow size Small
Rarity Uncommon
Spawn requirement Catch 20 total fish
Selling prices  Nook's Cranny 4,500 Bells
 C.J. 6,750 Bells
Furniture size 1.0 x 1.0

In Pocket Camp[edit]

Ranchu goldfish

Event availability Fishing Tourney 29: Elegant Aquarium
Location Lost Lure Creek
Shadow size
Fish size 10.2 cm - 21.8 cm
Rarity ★★★
Catch rate
Selling price  Bells
Request reward  Bells

Donating to the museum[edit]

In New Horizons[edit]

When donating to Blathers or selecting "Tell me about this!" in New Horizons, he will provide the following information about the fish:

"The ranchu goldfish is a charming relative of the goldfish with a bumpy head and stout, round body. They have ordinary heads when born, but develop impressive rectangular heads after about three years. Supposedly their head shape changes depending on factors like the size of their tank... So ranchu goldfish enthusiasts aim to raise perfectly shaped specimens and work hard to achieve this. Of course, no one asks the ranchu goldfish themselves what shape they want their heads to be..."

The ranchu goldfish can be found in the tank immediately to the right of the entrance to the fish section of the museum sharing the tank with guppy.


Real-world information[edit]

A real-world ranchu

The Ranchu, (Japanese: Katakana: ランチュウ; Kanji: 蘭鋳, 蘭虫 or 卵虫, literally "Dutch worm") is a hooded variety of fancy goldfish developed in Japan. It is referred to as the "king of goldfish" by the Japanese.

The modern-day ranchu is a Japanese development of the lionhead. They are the direct outcome of crossbreeding experiments of different Chinese lionhead specimens. More information on this topic is available at Wikipedia.

Names in other languages[edit]

Japanese ランチュウ

Korean 난주

Simplified Chinese 兰寿金鱼
Lánshòu jīnyú
Ranchu goldfish

Traditional Chinese 蘭壽金魚
laan4 sau6 gam1 jyu4
Ranchu goldfish

Russian Ранчу

Dutch Buffelrug

German Ranchu

European Spanish Ranchú

European French Ranchu

Italian Ranchu